Geographical Indication (GI) Tags in India: Memorize Faster

Have you heard of Aranmula Kannadi which is a unique handicraft from Kerala? You might have heard of Kanchipuram Sarees of Tamil Nadu and Madhubani Paintings of Bihar. All these are unique products from a particular location. Such products now bear an additional tag – Geographical Indication.

What is a Geographical Indication?

A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin. In order to function as a GI, a sign must identify a product as originating in a given place.

For example, Blue pottery of Jaipur.

Geographical Indication Tags India

Significance of GI tag

You might have heard of intellectual properties rights like Copyright, Patent, Trademark etc. Geographical Indication Tag provides similar rights and protection to holders.

A geographical indication right enables those who have the right to use the indication to prevent its use by a third party whose product does not conform to the applicable standards. For example, in the jurisdictions in which the Darjeeling geographical indication is protected, producers of Darjeeling tea can exclude the use of the term “Darjeeling” for tea not grown in their tea gardens or not produced according to the standards set out in the code of practice for the geographical indication.

Significance of Geographical Indications for Competitive Exams

Geographical Indication is one of the hot question topics for almost all competitive exams including UPSC Civil Services Prelims. Knowledge of students on Indian culture and diversity is tested by different question formats connected to GI tags – including ‘Match the following’ questions. As we have prepared this compilation state-wise, we hope it would be very easy for students to connect different GI to corresponding states.

GI tags – a requirement of TRIPS agreement

  • India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection)Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15th September 2003.
  • Darjeeling Tea was the first Indian product to get the geographical indication tag. In 2004, the famous beverage got the recognition.
  • India has 236 GI products registered so far and over 270 more products have applied for the label.

Geographical Indication (GI) Tags in India: State-wise Compilation

This post is a compilation of Geographical Indication Tags (GI Tags) in India, arranged state-wise. The state-wise compilation will help students to memorize the cultural identities of a place faster.

State-wise compilation of Geographical Indications

Andhra Pradesh

Sl.No. Geographical Indication Type
1.        Srikalahasthi Kalamkari Handicraft
2.        Kondapalli Bommalu Handicraft
3.        Machilipatnam Kalamkari Handicraft
4.        Budiiti Bell & Brass Craft Handicraft
5.        Andhra Pradesh Leather Puppetry Handicraft
6.        Uppada Jamdani Sarees Handicraft
7.        Tirupati Laddu[a] Foodstuff
8.        Guntur Sannam Chilli Agricultural
9.        Venkatagiri Sarees Handicraft
10.   Bobbili Veena Handicraft
11.   Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics Handicraft
12.   Dharmavaram Handloom Pattu Sarees and Paavadas Textile
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Asom

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1.        Assam (Orthodox) Logo Agricultural
2.        Muga Silk of Assam (Logo) Handicraft
3.        Muga Silk Handicraft

Bihar

Sl.No. Geographical Indication Type
1.         Madhubani paintings Handicraft Handicraft
2.         Applique – Khatwa Patch Work of Bihar Handicraft
3.         Sujini Embroidery Work of Bihar Handicraft Handicraft
4.         Bhagalpur Silk Handicraft Handicraft

Chhattisgarh

Sl.No. Geographical Indication Type
1.        Bastar Dhokra Handicraft
2.        Bastar Wooden Craft Handicraft
3.        Bastar Iron Craft Handicraft
4.        Bastar Dhokra (Logo) Handicraft
5.        Champa Silk Saree and Fabrics Handicraft

Goa

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
   1. Fenni Manufactured

Gujarat

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1.      Tangaliya Shawl Handicraft
2.      Surat Zari Craft Handicraft
3.      Gir Kesar Mango Agricultural
4.      Bhalia Wheat Agricultural
5.      Kachchh Shawls Handicraft
6.      Patan Patola Handicraft
7.      Sankheda Furniture Handicraft
8.      Kutch Embroidery Handicraft

Haryana

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
 1. Phulkari* Handicraft

*Also in Punjab and Rajasthan

Himachal Pradesh

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1.         Kullu ShawL (Logo) Textile
2.       Kangra Tea Agricultural
3.       Chamba Rumal Handicraft
4.       Kinnauri Shawl Handicraft

J & K

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Kashmir Papier Mache Handicraft
2. Kashmir Walnut Wood Carving Handicraft
3. Khatamband Handicraft
4. Kani Shawls Handicraft
5. Kashmir Pashmina Handicraft

 Karnataka

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1.      Byadgi chilli Agriculture
2.      Kinnal Toys Handicraft
3.      Mysore Agarbathi Manufactured
4.      Bangalore Blue Grapes Agriculture
5.      Mysore Pak Sweets
6.      Bangalore Rose Onion Agriculture
7.      Coorg orange Agriculture
8.      Mysore silk Handicraft
9.      Bidriware Handicraft
10.   Channapatna Toys & Dolls Handicraft
11.   Mysore Rosewood Inlay Handicraft
12.   Mysore Sandalwood Oil Manufactured
13.   Mysore Sandal Soap Manufactured
14.   Kasuti Embroidery Handicraft
15.   Mysore Traditional Paintings Handicraft
16.   Mysore betel leaf Agricultural
17.   Nanjanagud Banana Agricultural
18.   Mysore Jasmine Agricultural
19.   Udupi Jasmine Agricultural
20.   Hadagali Jasmine Agricultural
21.   Ilkal saree Handicraft
22.   Navalgund Durries Handicraft
23.   Karnataka Bronze Ware Handicraft
24.   Molakalmuru Sarees Handicraft
25.   Monsooned Malabar Arabica Coffee Agricultural
26.   Monsooned Malabar Robusta Coffee Agricultural
27.   Coorg Green Cardamom Agricultural
28.   Dharwad Pedha Foodstuff

 Kerala

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Aranmula Kannadi Handicraft
2. Alleppey Coir Handicraft
3. Balaramapuram Sarees and Fine Cotton Fabrics Handicraft
4. Brass broidered coconut shell craft of Kerala Handicraft
5. Cannanore Home Furnishings Handicraft
6. Central Travancore Jaggery Agricultural
7. Chendamangalam Dhoties & Set Mundu Handicraft
8. Chengalikodan Banana Agriculture
9. Kasaragod Sarees Handicraft
10. Kuthampally dhoties and set mundu Clothing
11. Maddalam of Palakkad Handicraft
12. Payyannur Pavithra Ring Handicraft
13. Pokkali Rice Agriculture
14. Screw Pine Craft of Kerala Handicraft
15. Vazhakulam Pineapple Agriculture
16. Wayanad Gandhakasala Rice Agriculture
17. Wayanad Jeerakasala Rice Agriculture
18. Navara rice Agricultural Agriculture
19. Palakkadan Matta Rice Agriculture
20. Spices Alleppey Green Cardamom Agriculture
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Madhya Pradesh

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Chanderi Fabric Handicraft
2. Leather Toys of Indore Handicraft
3. Bagh Prints of Madhya Pradesh Handicraft
4. Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh (Logo) Handicraft
5. Bell Metal Ware of Datia and Tikamgarh Handicraft
6. Maheshwar Sarees & Fabrics Handicraft

Maharashtra

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Solapuri Chaddar Handicraft
2. Solapur Terry Towel Handicraft
3. Nagpur Orange Agricultural
4. Puneri Pagadi Handicraft
5. Nashik valley wine Manufactured
6. Paithani Sarees and Fabrics Handicraft
7. Mahabaleshwar Strawberry Agricultural
8. Nashik Grapes Agricultural
9. Nashik Grapes Agricultural
10. Kolhapur Jaggery Agriculture

Manipur

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Shaphee Lanphee Textile
2. Wangkhei Phee Textile
3. Moirang Phee Textile

 

Nagaland

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Naga Mircha Agricultural

Odisha

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Kotpad Handloom fabric Handicraft
2. Orissa Ikat Handicraft
3. Konark Stone Carving Handicraft
4. Pattachitra Handicraft
5. Pipili Applique Work Handicraft
6. Khandua Saree and Fabrics Handicraft
7. Gopalpur Tussar Fabrics Handicraft
8. Ganjam Kewda Rooh Agricultural
9. Ganjam Kewda Flower Agricultural
10. Dhalapathar Parda & Fabrics Handicraft
11. Sambalpuri Bandha Saree & Fabrics Handicraft
12. Bomkai Saree & Fabrics Handicraft
13. Habaspuri Saree & Fabrics Handicraft
14. Berhampur Patta (Phoda Kumbha) Saree& Joda Handicraft
15. Odisha Pattachitra (Logo) Textile

Punjab

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
Phulkari* Handicraft

*Also in Haryana and Rajasthan

Rajasthan

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Kota Doria Handicraft
2. Blue Pottery of Jaipur Handicraft
3. Molela Clay Work Handicraft
4. Kathputlis of Rajasthan Handicraft
5. Sanganeri Hand Block Printing Handicraft
6. Bikaneri Bhujia Agricultural
7. Kota Doria (Logo) Handicraft
8. Phulkari* Handicraft
9. Bagru Hand Block Print Handicraft
10. Thewa Art Work Handicraft
11. Makrana marble Natural Goods

*Also in Haryana and punjab

Tamil Nadu

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Salem Fabric Handicraft
2. Kancheepuram Silk Handicraft
3. Bhavani Jamakkalam Handicraft
4. Madurai Sungudi Handicraft
5. Coimbatore Wet Grinder Manufactured
6. Thanjavur Paintings Handicraft
7. Temple Jewellery of Nagercoil Handicraft
8. Thanjavur Art Plate Handicraft
9. E. I. Leather Manufactured
10. Salem silk Handicraft
11. Kovai Cora Cotton Handicraft
12. Arani Silk Handicraft Handicraft
13. Swamimalai Bronze Icons Agricultural
14. Eathomozhy Tall Coconut Agricultural
15. Thanjavur Doll Handicraft Handicraft
16. Nilgiri(Orthodox) Logo Agricultural
17. Virupakshi Hill Banana Agricultural
18. Sirumalai Hill Banana Agricultural
19. Madurai Malli Agricultural
20. Pattamadai Pai (‘Pattamadai Mat’) Handicraft
21. Nachiarkoil Kuthuvilakku (‘Nachiarkoil Lamp’) Handicraft
22. Chettinad Kottan Handicraft
23. Toda Embroidery t Handicraft
24. Thanjavur Veenai Handicraft
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Telangana

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Pochampally Ikat Handicraft
2. Silver Filigree of Karimnagar Handicraft
3. Nirmal toys and craft Handicraft
4. Nirmal furniture Handicraft
5. Nirmal paintings Handicraft
6. Gadwal Sarees Handicraft
7. Hyderabadi Haleem Foodstuff
8. Cheriyal Paintings Handicraft
9. Pembarthi Metal Craft Handicraft
10. Siddipet Gollabhama Handicraft
11. Narayanpet Handloom Sarees Handicraft

Uttar Pradesh

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Allahabad Surkha Agricultural
2. Lucknow Chikan Craft Handicraft
3. Mango Malihabadi Dusseheri Agricultural
4. Banaras Brocades and Sarees Handicraft
5. Banaras Brocades and Sarees (Logo) Handicraft
6. Hand made Carpet of Bhadohi Handmade Carpets
7. Agra Durrie Handicraft
8. Farrukhabad Prints Handicraft
9. Lucknow Zardozi Handicraft
10. Kalanamak Rice Agricultural
11. Firozabad Glass Handicraft
12. Kannauj Perfume Manufactured
13. Kanpur Saddlery Manufactured
14. Moradabad Metal Craft Handicraft
15. Saharanpur Wood Craft Handicraft
16. Handmade Carpets of Mirzapur Handmade Carpets
17. Handmade Carpets of Banaras Handmade Carpets
18. Agra Petha Sweets
19. Mathura Peda Sweets
20. Nizamabad black clay pottery Handicraft
21. Varanasi Wooden Lacquerware &Toys Handicraft

West Bengal

Sl.No Geographical Indication Type
1. Darjeeling Tea (word & logo) Agricultural
2. Nakshi Kantha Handicraft
3. Laxman Bhog Mango Agricultural
4. Himsagar(Khirsapati Mango) Agricultural
5. Fazli Mango Agricultural
6. Santipore Saree Handicraft
7. Baluchari Saree Handicraft
8. Dhaniakhali Saree Handicraft

Summary: GI Tags

  • Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property which refer to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product.
  • Typically, such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to the fact of its origin in that defined geographical locality, region or country.
  • Under Articles 1 (2) and 10 of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, geographical indications are covered as an element of IPRs.
  • They are also covered under Articles 22 to 24 of the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)  Agreement, which was part of the Agreements concluding the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.
  • Proponents of GIs regard them as strong tools for protecting their national property rights. Opponents, however, consider GIs as barriers to trade.

Reference:

Compiled by: Yuvaalex

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