UPSC Ranking When Two Candidates Score Equal Marks

If the overall marks of two or more candidates are equal, how is relative merit between such candidates decided by UPSC? Who will be given higher rank?

Have you ever wondered about this situation?

UPSC Ranking Methodology: if two candidates score equal marks

UPSC ranking- if marks are equal

The case of equal marks often arises in various exams conducted by UPSC like UPSC Civil Services Examination. In fact, there may be 10 or 15 candidates with the same mark. Will UPSC award the same rank to all those who score equal marks?

No.

UPSC then apply ‘Tie-breaking’ principles to decide inter-se merit among candidates having the same overall marks. Then, the commission will calculate ranks based on certain criteria.

For UPSC Civil Service Exam – Candidate securing more marks in the Compulsory Papers and the Personality Test put together is to be ranked higher. In a case where the marks mentioned above are equal, the candidate senior in age is to be ranked higher. If the marks of both candidates are still same, then the candidate getting more marks in the compulsory papers is to be ranked higher.

The principles adopted for each examination is given in the table below.

Tie-breaking principles in various exams conducted by UPSC

Civil Services (Main) Exam. (i)   Candidate securing more marks in the Compulsory Papers and the Personality Test put together is to be ranked higher; 
(ii) In case where the marks mentioned at (i) above are equal, the candidate senior in age is to be ranked higher; and
(iii) In case where the (i) and (ii) above are same, then the candidate getting more marks in the compulsory papers is to be ranked higher.
     
Combined Medical Services Exam. (i) A candidate who secures more marks in the written examination is ranked higher;
(ii) In case where, marks mentioned at (i) above are also equal, the candidate senior in age is ranked higher;
(iii) In case, where date of births are also the same, the candidate who has completed the MBBS examination first is to be ranked higher.
     
Combined Defence Services Exam. (a) If the marks in aggregate are equal, the candidate getting more marks in written papers may be ranked higher;
(b) If the marks in the written papers are equal, the candidate getting more marks in G.K. paper may be ranked higher;
(c) If the marks in G.K. paper are also equal, the candidate senior in age may be ranked higher;
(d) If the candidates have identical date of birth, the position of the candidates in the merit list shall be arranged in order of their Roll Numbers.
     
National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Exam. (i) In case of equal marks in aggregate, the candidates getting more marks in the WRITTEN EXAMINATION have been placed at higher rank;
(ii) In case of equal marks in written examination also, the candidates getting more marks in General Ability Test Paper have been placed at higher rank;
(iii) In case of equal marks in General Ability Test Paper, the candidates SENIOR BY AGE have been placed at higher rank.
     
Engineering Services Exam. (i) The candidates with more marks in                                                                                  the total of four Engineering papers may be ranked higher; 
(ii) In case the total marks of four Engineering papers are also equal, the candidates with more marks in the Personality Test may be ranked higher;
(iii) In case the marks in the Personality Test are also equal, the candidate who is senior in age may be ranked higher.
     
Indian Forest Service Exam. (i) a candidate securing more marks in the compulsory papers and the personality test put together has been ranked higher;
(ii) in case of marks at (i) above are also equal, the candidate senior in age has been ranked higher.
     
Special Class Railway Apprentices Exam. (i) a candidate getting more marks in interview may be placed higher;
(ii) If the written total and the personality test marks are also equal, the candidate older in age may be ranked higher.
     
Central Police Forces (AC) Exam. (i) If the marks in aggregate are equal, the candidate getting more marks in written total may be ranked higher; 
(ii) If the marks in written total are equal, the candidate getting more marks in Paper-I (General Ability & Intelligence Paper) be ranked higher;
(iii) If the marks in Paper-I (General Ability & Intelligence Paper) are equal, the candidate senior in age be ranked higher;
(iv) If the age is also the same, the candidate with lower roll number will be ranked higher.
     
Indian Economic Service / Indian Statistical Service Exam. (i) Candidates getting more marks in the total of the four Economics / Statistical papers of 800 marks plus viva voce of 200 marks may be ranked higher for the services; and
(ii) Where marks vide (i) above are also equal, candidates senior in age may be ranked higher.
     
Geologists Exam. (i) A candidate getting more marks in final total will be ranked higher; 
(ii) If final total is equal, then candidate getting more marks in Geology / Hydrogeology plus PT total will be ranked higher;
(iii) If the total marks of Geology / Hydrogeology plus PT are also equal then senior in age will be ranked higher.
     
Sos/Stenographers LDC Exam. (a) In case of a tie in total marks, i.e written and service records together a candidate getting more marks in the Written Papers together may be placed higher;
(b) If the Total marks in the written paper together are also equal, the candidate getting more marks in Paper No.2 and Paper No.3 together may be placed higher;
(c) If the marks calculated in (b) above are also equal, then the candidate getting more marks in Paper No.3 i.e. Noting & Drafting, Precis Writing may be placed higher; and
(d) In case where the marks calculated vide (c) above are also equal, then the candidate older in age may be placed higher.
CISF (AC) LDCE (a) If the marks in aggregate are equal, the candidate getting more marks in Written Total may be ranked higher;
(b) If the marks in Written Total are equal, the candidates getting more marks in Paper I (General Ability and Intelligence and Professional Skill Paper) may be ranked higher;
(c) If the marks in Paper-I (General Ability and Intelligence and Professional Skill Paper) are also equal, the candidate senior in age may be ranked higher.
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Conclusion

Thus, as we have seen above, for UPSC CSE exam – Candidate securing more marks in the Compulsory Papers and the Personality Test put together is to be ranked higher. In a case where the marks mentioned above are equal, the candidate senior in age is to be ranked higher. If the marks of both candidates are still same, then the candidate getting more marks in the compulsory papers is to be ranked higher.

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