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Indian Polity Notes

Inter-State River Water Disputes in India: Is it time for a new mechanism rather than tribunals?

The Inter-State River Water Disputes are one of the most contiguous issues in the Indian federalism today. In the extreme cases, it may hamper the relationship between the different states. The recent cases of the Cauvery Water Dispute and the Satluj Yamuna Link Canal case are examples. Various Inter-State Water Disputes …

Major Tribes in India: State-wise compilation

A tribe is a social division in a traditional society consisting of families linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect. A tribe possesses certain qualities and characteristics that make it a unique cultural, social, and political entity. This post is about the major tribes in India. …

Ragging in India: How to prevent?

This small write-up covers the different aspects related to ragging in India including the psyche behind ragging, rights issue and the steps that can be taken to prevent ragging. What is ragging? Ragging is defined as an act that violates or is perceived to violate an individual student’s dignity. Done …

Types of Majorities Used in the Indian Parliament

What is the difference between the absolute majority and effective majority? How is simple majority different from the special majority required by article 368? Confusing questions! The majority required to pass a resolution, motion or a bill varies depending upon the purpose. As this is one of the most confusing …

When Does a Bill Lapse in Indian Parliament?

We sometimes read news about lapsed bills with respect to Indian Parliament as well as State Legislatures. But when does a bill lapse? Normally, bills lapse in connection with the dissolution of Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly. But there are multiple sub-cases regarding this. In this post, we discuss …

The State Legislature – in General (Article 168-177)

This post on the State Legislature is a part of Clear IAS polity series on Indian Constitution, covering all the important topics from Article 1 to Article 395. Posts so far published under this series are linked directly under their respective chapters and parts. Our goal is to cover Indian Constitution in detail, giving stress …