Do you love the police uniform? Is your ambition to become an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer? How can you become an IPS officer?
To be an IPS officer is the dream of millions in the country.
What are the eligibility criteria and the medical requirements for IPS? We shall see in this post.
IPS Full Form: What is the full form of IPS?
The full form of IPS is the Indian Police Service.
Officers of the Indian Police Service (IPS) provide senior-level leadership to Police Forces – both in the States and at the Centre.
The legacy of the Indian Police Service (IPS)
The origin of the Indian Police Service can be traced back to the Indian (Imperial) Police) during the British rule in India. In 1948, a year after India gained independence from Britain, the Indian (Imperial) Police, was replaced by the Indian Police Service.
Indian Police Service in the Indian Constitution
Once the Indian Constitution was written (1950), the Indian Police Service (IPS) was constituted under Article 312 of the Constitution of India as one of the three All India Services (AIS). The other two All India Services (AIS) are the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS).
IPS Exam: Which exam should you write to get into IPS?
The Civil Service Exam (CSE) is a common exam conducted by UPSC for the recruitment of candidates to various services like IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, etc.
The Civil Services Exam has three stages – Prelims, Mains, and Interview. There will be a medical test on the next day after the UPSC Interview.
How can you become an IPS officer?
Please find the 7 steps we recommend for aspirants to succeed in the UPSC Services Examination. Once you join the ClearIAS Online Classroom Program (ClearIAS Classes) you will get detailed guidance and personal mentorship regarding all stages of UPSC preparation.
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Indian Police Service Eligibility
Candidates in the age group 21-32 years can appear for UPSC CSE. There is a relaxation in the age limit for OBC, SC, and ST candidates. You just need to be a graduate to appear for the Civil Services Exam. Read more about the Civil Services Exam eligibility criteria here.
Indian Police Service is a technical service, and candidates will not be accepted if they do not meet the minimum standard for height and chest girth.
IPS Height Requirement
Minimum Height Required for Male Candidates: 165 cm
Minimum Height Requirement for Female Candidates: 150 cm
However ST candidates have a relaxation of 5 cm, hence the requirement is only 160 centimeters for ST male candidates and 145 centimeters for ST female candidates. Relaxed minimum height is prescribed not only for candidates belonging to Scheduled Tribes but also for races such as Gorkhas, Garhwalis, Assamese, Kumaonis, and Nagaland Tribal, etc. whose average height is distinctly lower.
IPS Chest Girth Requirement
Chest girth when fully expanded for male candidates: 84 cm
Chest girth when fully expanded for female candidates: 79 cm.
Candidates should also be able to expand chest size by 5 cm.
Indian Police Service Eyesight Requirement
Distant Vision: For the better eye, the corrected vision should be 6/6 or 6/9. For the worst eye, the corrected vision should be 6/12 or 6/9.
Near Vision: For the better eye, the corrected vision should be J1**. For the worst eye, the corrected vision should be J2**.
About Corrections permitted: Corrections like Spectacles, CL, and Refractive Surgery like Lasik, ICL, IOL, etc. are permitted. However, if refractive surgery was done, the case may be referred to a Special Board of Ophthalmologists.
About Refractive errors permitted: There is no such limit. However, the candidates who have Myopia of more than 6.00 D including spherical & cylindrical errors should be referred to a special Myopia Board.
Note: You are declared unfit for IPS if you have a squint. Also, you need to have binocular vision and high-grade color vision to be medically fit for IPS.
How many IPS officers will be selected by UPSC every year?
How many IPS officers are there in India (in total)?
The Authorized strength of the Indian Police Service Officers is only 4802. Out of this authorized strength, many posts remain vacant.
This means that once you get into the Indian Police Service, you occupy an unmatchable position. You will become part of a top leadership group, capable of commanding various police forces.
Is there any other way, apart from UPSC CSE, one can get into IPS?
At present, there are three modes of recruitment to the Indian Police Service. These are as follows:
- Through the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.
- Through Limited Competitive Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (very rarely conducted).
- Through the appointment of State Police Service officers by promotion (by means of promotions from state police).
As you now know, a few officers of state police get promotions will be conferred IPS. However, to get IPS in this route, it needs a lot of experience and an excellent track record. On the contrary, direct recruits get IPS at a young age if he/she clear the UPSC Civil Services Exam.
Civil Services Examination and IPS
The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is one of the most popular exams conducted by the Union Public Service Commission. UPSC conducts this exam to recruit candidates for about 24 top government services like IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS, etc.
UPSC Civil Services Exam (CSE) consists of 3 stages. The stages are:
- Preliminary Exam (objective)
- Main Exam (written)
- Interview (personality test)
The exam window extends around 10-12 months (usually from June month of a year to June month next year when the results are announced).
Training for Indian Police Service Officers
All the officers of the Indian Police Service undergo probationary training at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad. After successful completion of probation, officers are confirmed in the service.
Also, there is a provision for mandatory Mid Career Training for Indian Police Service officers spread across the entire service span.
The Police Division in the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is responsible for Cadre management of the Indan Police Service and Policy Decisions such as cadre structure, recruitment, training, cadre allocation, confirmation, empanelment, deputation, pay and allowances, disciplinary matters of Indian Police Service Officers. The Service is organized in 26 State cadres, and reviewed after every 5 years.
IPS Salary: What is the salary of an Indian Police Service Officer?
The salary of an IPS officer is very much comparable to the salary of an IAS officer, with only minor differences.
An entry-level IPS officer (ASP rank) gets a basic pay of Rs.56100 while the highest rank officer (DGP) will get Rs.2,25,000. Allowances like DA, TA, etc. are provided in addition to the basic pay.
Indian Police Service officers are eligible for raises in salary and promotions in their career span. The promotions take place after evaluating the performance on the basis of Annual Performance Appraisal Reports, Vigilance Clearance, and scrutiny of the overall record of the officer.
Will Indian Police Service officers get challenging roles, other than the police?
Indian Police Service officers can be appointed in autonomous organizations/ sub-ordinate organizations/ PSUs/ UN Organizations/ International Organizations in various capacities.
They can also serve as Personal Secretaries to Ministers in Central Government.
IPS officers lead and command the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) which include the Central Police Organisations (CPO) and Central Paramilitary Forces (CPF) such as Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Vigilance Organisations, Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies.
Officers of the Indian Police Service also lead and command the Indian Intelligence Agencies like the Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI), Criminal Investigation Department (CID), etc.
When can I apply for the UPSC Civil Services Exam?
The notification for the UPSC Civil Services Examination for 2024 will be published on February 14, 2024. You can apply for UPSC CSE 2024 between February 14, 2024, and March 05, 2024.
- UPSC CSE 2024 Prelims Date: May 26 2024 (Sunday)
- UPSC CSE 2024 Mains Date: September 20 2024 (5 days)
- UPSC CSE 2024 Interview Date: January-March 2025 (expected)
- UPSC CSE 2024 Final Result Date: April 2025 (expected)
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Also read: Difference Between IAS and IPS Posts