What is UPSC? What are the exams conducted by UPSC? How to prepare for the IAS exam?
UPSC recruits candidates to both civil services as well as defence services.
Exams Conducted by UPSC for Selection into Civil services
- Civil Services Examination (CSE)
- Engineering Services Examination (ESE).
- Indian Forestry Services Examination (IFoS).
- Central Armed Police Forces Examination (CAPF).
- Indian Economic Service and Indian Statistical Service (IES/ISS).
- Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination.
- Combined Medical Services (CMS).
- Special Class Railway Apprentices Exam (SCRA).
- Limited Departmental Competitive Examination for selection of Assistant Commandant. (Executive) in CISF.
Exams Conducted by UPSC for Selection into Defense services
- National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination – NDA & NA (I).
- National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination – NDA & NA (II).
- Combined Defense Services Exam – CDS (I).
- Combined Defense Services Exam – CDS (II).
UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE)
Civil Services Examination (CSE) is one of the most popular exams conducted by UPSC. It is widely known as ‘IAS exam’ even though CSE is a common exam to recruit candidates to about 24 top government services like IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS etc.
UPSC Civil Services Exam (CSE) consists of 3 stages. The stages are:
- Preliminary Exam (objective)
- Main Exam (written)
- Interview (personality test)
The exam window extends over a year (from June month of a year to June month next year when the results are announced).
How to Prepare for Civil Services Exam (IAS/IPS/IFS)?
Success in UPSC Civil Services Examination (CSE) = 50% Knowledge + 50% Skills (Strategies).
If you are just beginning UPSC preparation, we suggest you start from our post – IAS beginner’s guide.
Also, understand the eligibility criteria for writing the IAS/IPS exam. If you have questions in your mind, just go through our article ‘frequently asked questions on IAS exam preparation‘.
UPSC Syllabus for Civil Services Exam
A good understanding of the Union Public Service Commission syllabus is the first step for all freshers.
Prelims – The Civil Services Preliminary exam comprises of two compulsory papers of 200 marks each (General Studies Paper-I and General Studies Paper-II). The questions will be of multiple-choice, objective type. The marks in prelims will not be counted for final ranking, but just for qualification for the main exam.
Mains – The written examination (main) will consist of the nine papers, but only 7 papers will be counted for final merit ranking. For the rest two papers, the candidate should secure minimum marks prescribed by the commission each year.
Interview – The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his/her career. He/she will be asked questions on matters of general interest.
A candidate’s rank in Civil Service Exam depends only on the mark scored in Main and Interview. The main exam has 1750 marks while interview has 275 marks.
UPSC Online Preparation – Clear IAS by Self-Study!
In this online age, it is possible to clear the IAS/IPS exam by self-study. ClearIAS provides free IAS online coaching, books and free online study materials with a vision that no candidate should be left out due to the inaccessibility of expensive IAS classroom coaching. Also, refer to our topper’s interview section to get better insights regarding the exam preparation.
Do first things first! Not last!
If you have decided that self-study and online preparation is your choice for the Civil Service Exam – then the first step you should make is to join ClearIAS Prelims Online Mock Test Series.
As a beginner who does not know what to study and how to study – ClearIAS Timetable can be the best pathfinder.
We recommend taking ClearIAS Mock Exams right from the time you begin IAS exam preparation. Ideally, you should study what we mention in the timetable for a week, and then take a mock exam on weekends. By adopting this approach, you will never go deviated and will get a quick idea of the Civil Services Exam requirements.
The Importance of the Right Strategy!
To crack IAS in the first shot, you need the right strategy. Candidates often find Civil Services Exam a hard nut to crack not due to lack of hard-work or potential, but due to lack of right strategy.
ClearIAS has written a lot of articles on this website covering useful strategies for the IAS exam. Regularly check our blog.
How much advance preparation is needed before the Prelims?
It varies from candidate to candidate. Most of the serious candidates start at-least 1 year in advance. However, there are many who cleared with less than 6 months of preparation.
If you are a late starter, we recommend you to adopt ClearIAS Test-based approach, to learn faster.
Also, refer the below posts:
- Civil Service Prelims 6 Month Strategy – How Can You Clear Prelims in 6 Months?
- CSAT – What is the best strategy to prepare for the CSAT?
- 100-Days Action Plan to Clear IAS Prelims
UPSC Online Application
Are you wondering how to apply for UPSC Exams? You need to apply online.
There is a website for UPSC online applications – https://upsconline.nic.in/.
Once the application window for an exam opens (usually in Feb for UPSC CSE), you can apply online.
NB: We have addressed 50+ common queries and concerns of aspirants regarding UPSC Online Application process here.
UPSC Exam Dates
Usually, UPSC conducts the Civil Services Preliminary Exam in June. The Main Exam is usually conducted in September. The Personality Test takes almost 3 months to finish. UPSC conducts the CSE interview (or personality test) in the months February – April.
If you are appearing for UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020, you can check Prelims 2020 date here.
For more details regarding the dates of UPSC exams and their notifications in this year, check the calendar of exams conducted by Union Public Services Commission.
UPSC Exam Results
Results of all exams conducted by UPSC as well as notifications for future exams will be published on the homepage of the official website itself. For future reference, you can check the same from the UPSC exam results page on ClearIAS.com.
UPSC Previous Year Question Papers
Previous Year Question Papers of various exams conducted by UPSC are available online. Check the link to download previous year question papers of UPSC as PDF.
Union Public Service Commission Report
UPSC submits an annual report on the work done by it to the president. The president places the report of the commission before the parliament along with a memorandum with regard to the cases where the advice of the commission was not accepted and the reasons for such non-acceptance.
Interesting Facts about UPSC
- The Commission consists of a maximum of 11 members, including the Chairman.
- The Union Public Service Commission has been established under Article 315 of the Constitution of India.
- UPSC traces its origin to the first Public Services Commission established in 1926 and the Federal Public Services Commission established in 1935.
- UPSC conducts exams to recruit candidates to both civil services as well as defence services.