GS Paper 1 UPSC 2023 (Mains) question paper and analysis-related details are available here. Check the list of topics, all the questions are asked from. Further details related to the UPSC CSE GS paper 1 exam analysis are provided below.
UPSC conducted the General Studies Paper 1, as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2023 on 16-09-2023.
The question paper comprises a total of 20 questions. Out of these, 10 questions are of 10 marks each, and the rest of the 10 questions are of 15 marks.
Further details related to UPSC CSE GS Paper 1 Mains 2023 is provided below.
GS Paper 1 UPSC 2023: Instructions
Check the exam instructions mentioned on the UPSC CSE GS 1 mains question paper:
- Total Marks: 250 marks, Time duration: 3 hours.
- There are 20 questions printed both in ENGLISH and HINDI.
- All questions are compulsory.
- The number of marks carried by a question/part is printed against it.
- Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided.
- No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
- Answers to questions no. 1 to 10 should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 should be in 250 words.
- Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind.
- Any page or portion of the page left blank, must be struck off clearly.
- The content of the answer is more important than its length.
General Studies Paper 1 Question Paper: UPSC Civil Services Main Exam (Written) 2023
Q 1: Explain the role of geographical factors towards the development of Ancient India. (Answer in 150 words)
Q 2: What was the difference between Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore in their approach towards education and nationalism? (Answer in 150 words)
Q 3: Bring out the socio-economic effects of the introduction of railways in different countries of the world. (Answer in 150 words)
Q 4: Discuss the consequences of climate change on the food security in tropical countries. (Answer in 150 words)
Q 5: Why is the world today enfronted with a crisis of availability of and access to freshwater resources? (Answer in 150 words)
Q6: How are the fjords formed? Why do they constitute some of the most picturesque areas of the world? (Answer in 150 words)
Q 7: Why is the South-West Monsoon called Purvaiys’ (easterly) in Bhojpur Region? How has this directional seasonal wind systems influenced the cultural ethos of the region? (Answer in 150 words)
Q 8: Do you think marriage as a sacrament is loosing its value in Modern India? (Answer in 150 words)
Q 9: Explain why suicide among young women is increasing in Indian society. (Answer in 150 words)
Q 10: Child cuddling is now being replaced by mobile phones. Discuss its impact on the socialization of children. (Answer in 250 words)
Q 11: What are the main features of Vedic society and religion? Do you think some of the features are still prevailing in Indian society? (Answer in 250 words)
Q 12: What were the major technological changes introduced during the Sultanate period? How did those technological changes influence the Indian society? (Answer in 250 words)
Q 13: How did the colonial rule affect the tribals in India and what was the tribal response to the colonial oppression? (Answer in 250 words)
Q 14: Comment on the resource potentials of the long coastline of India and highlight the status of natural hazard preparedness in these areas. (Answer in 250 words)
Q 15: Identify and discuss the factors responsible for diversity of natural vegetation in India Assess the significance of wildlife sanctuaries in rain forest regions of India. (Answer in 250 words)
Q 16: Why did human development fail to keep pace with economic development in India? (Answer in 250 words)
Q 17: From being net food importer in 1960s, India has emerged as a net food exporter to the world. Provide reasons. (Answer in 250 words)
Q 18: Does urbanisation lead to more segregation and/or marginalization of the poor in Indian metropolises? (Answer in 250 words)
Q 19: Why is caste identity in India both fluid and static? (Answer in 250 words)
Q 20: Discuss the impact of post-liberal economy on ethnic identity and communalism. (Answer in 250 words)
UPSC CSE Mains 2023: Question Topics in General Studies Paper 1
This year’s question paper does not reflect any particular syllabus topic for any question. Each question contains several aspects of the syllabus together. A detail regarding this is provided below.
- Geographical Factors in Ancient India’s Development
- Differences Between Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore’s Approaches
- Socio-Economic Effects of Railways Worldwide
- Consequences of Climate Change on Tropical Countries’ Food Security
- Crisis of Freshwater Availability and Access Worldwide
- Formation and Scenic Nature of Fjords
- South-West Monsoon and Its Influence in Bhojpur Region
- Changing Perception of Marriage in Modern India
- Increasing Suicide Among Young Women in Indian Society
- Impact of Mobile Phones on Child Socialization
- Main Features of Vedic Society and Religion
- Technological Changes During the Sultanate Period
- Colonial Rule’s Effects on Indian Tribals and Their Response
- Resource Potentials of India’s Coastline and Natural Hazard Preparedness
- Factors Influencing Diversity of Natural Vegetation in India and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Rain Forest Regions
- Disparity Between Economic Development and Human Development in India
- Transformation of India from Net Food Importer to Exporter
- Urbanization’s Impact on Poor Segregation and Marginalization in Indian Metropolises
- Fluid and Static Nature of Caste Identity in India
- Post-liberal Economy’s Impact on Ethnic Identity and Communalism
Analysis of GS Paper 1 Questions in UPSC Mains 2023
The questions in the UPSC mains GS paper 1 appear to be more specific and challenging compared to previous years. They require in-depth knowledge and a specifc understanding of various topics.
The questions related to world history, such as the socio-economic effects of railways and the impact of the post-liberal economy on ethnic identity, indicate a broader historical knowledge required by candidates to answer this question.
The question about Mahatma Gandhi is notable as the question over Mahatma Gandhi is seen after such a long time in mains exam. This question may test candidates’ ability to differentiate between the views and approaches of historical figures.
Several questions, such as those about freshwater resources, fjords, and climate change, emphasize the importance of geography and environmental issues. This reflects the growing importance of these topics in contemporary affairs.
Questions about marriage as a sacrament, caste identity, and the impact of the post-liberal economy on ethnic identity and communalism get into the social and cultural aspects of Indian society. These questions challenge candidates to think critically about evolving social dynamics.
Questions like the one on India’s transition from a net food importer to an exporter and the impact of human development not keeping pace with economic development in India highlight the significance of economic and agricultural issues.
The question about the southwest monsoon in the Bhojpur Region highlights the importance of understanding regional climate patterns and their cultural implications, which are specific to certain areas of India.
Overall, the questions in this GS paper 1 of the UPSC mains seem to be designed to test candidates on a wide range of topics, including history, geography, environment, economics, and social dynamics.
Candidates need to show an overall understanding of these subjects to succeed in this examination.
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