Most of the questions in GS Paper 2 of UPSC CSE 2022 Mains were strictly based on the UPSC syllabus. Please find the questions in the General Studies Paper 2 (GS2) of UPSC 2022 Civil Services Mains Examination (written).
There were 20 questions. 10 questions were 10 marks each, while the remaining 10 questions were 15 marks each.
GS Paper 2 UPSC 2022: Instructions
- Total Marks: 250 marks, Time duration: 3 hours.
- There are 20 questions printed both in ENGLISH and HINDI.
- All questions are compulsory.
- The number of marks carried by a question/part is printed against it.
- Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the admission certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this question-cum-answer (QCA) booklet in the space provided.
- No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
- Answers to questions no. 1 to 10 should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions no. 11 to 20 should be in 250 words.
- Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind.
- Any page or portion of the page left blank, must be struck off clearly.
- The content of the answer is more important than its length.
General Studies Paper 2 Question Paper – UPSC Civil Services Main Exam (Written) 2022
Qn1. The most significant achievement of modern law in India is the constitutionalization of environmental problems by the Supreme Court. Discuss this statement with the help of relevant case laws. (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark
Qn2. Right of movement and residence throughout the territory of India are freely available to Indian citizens, but these rights are not absolute. Comment (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark
Qn3. To what extent in your opinion has the decentralisation of power in India changed the governance landscape at the grassroots? (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark
Qn4. Discuss the role of the Vice President of India as the chairman of Rajya Sabha. (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark
Qn5. Discuss the role of the National Commission for Backward Classes in the wake of its transformation from a statutory body to a constitutional body. (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark
Qn6.The Gati-Shakti Yojana needs meticulous coordination between the government and the private sector to achieve the goal of connectivity. Discuss. (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark
Qn7. The rights of persons with disabilities Act, 2016 remains only a legal document without intense sensitisation of Government functionaries and citizens regarding disability. Comment. (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark
Qn8. Reforming the government delivery system through the Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme is a progressive step, but it has limitations too. Comment. (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark
Qn9. ‘India is an age-old friend of Sri Lanka’. Discuss India’s role in the recent crisis in Sri Lanka in light of the preceding statement. (Answer in 150 words) 10 mark
Qn10.Do you think that BIMSTEC is a parallel organisation like the SAARC? What are the similarities and dissimilarities between the two? How are Indian Foreign Policy objectives realised by forming this new organisation? (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Qn11. Discuss the procedures to decide the disputes arising out of the election of a Member of the Parliament or a State Legislature under the Representation of People Act 1951. What are the grounds on which the election of any returned candidate may be declared void? What remedy is available to the aggrieved party against the decision? Refer to the case laws (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Qn12. Discuss the essential conditions for the exercise of the legislative powers by the Governor. Discuss the legality of re- promulgation of ordinances by the Governor without placing them before the Legislature.
Qn13. “While the national political parties in India favour centralisation, the regional parties are in favour of state autonomy.” Comment. (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Qn14. Critically examine the procedures through which the presidents of India and France are elected. (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Qn15. Discuss the role of the Election Commission of India in light of the evolution of the Model Code of Conduct. (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Qn16. Besides the welfare schemes, India needs deft management of inflation and unemployment to serve the poor and the underprivileged sections of society. Discuss. (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Qn17. Do you agree with the view that increasing dependence on donor agencies for development reduces the importance of community participation in the development process? Justify your answer. (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Qn18. The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 remains inadequate in promoting an incentive-based system for children’s education without generating awareness about the importance of schooling. Analyse. (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Qn19. How will I2U2 (India, Israel, UAE and USA) grouping transform India’s position in global politics? (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Qn20. ‘Clean energy is the order of the day’. Describe briefly India’s changing policy towards climate change in various international fora in the context of geopolitics. (Answer in 250 words) 15 mark
Question Topics in General Studies Paper 2 (2022 Mains)
1. Constitutionalization of Environmental problems by Supreme Court- with case
2.Right of movement and residence
3.Decentralisation of Power
4.Role of Vice President as Chairman of Rajya Sabha
7.Person with Disability act 2016
10.BIMSTEC v/s SAARC
11.Election of MP/MLA under ROPA 1951
12.Legislative powers of the Governor
13.National Political Parties and Regional Parties
14.Presidential election of India and France
15.Election Commission and Model Code of Conduct
16.Management of Inflation and Unemployment
17.Donor agencies vs Community participation
18.Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act
19.I2U2 and India’s position
20.Clean Energy initiative Policies of India in International Fora
GS Paper 2 UPSC 2022 (Mains): Question Paper Analysis
General Studies Paper 2 was a perfect mix of Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations – as mentioned in the UPSC Syllabus.
Many questions like those on National Commission for Backward Classes, Legislative Powers of Governor, Role of Vice President as Chairman of Rajya Sabha, and Decentralisation of Power were very typical and with the exact keywords mentioned in the UPSC CSE (Mains) Syllabus.
Apart from I2U2, Gatishakthi Yojana and the question on President and Vice President, none of the other questions can be considered to have a direct connection with current affairs of the last 1 year. However, knowledge of current affairs in the span of the last 10 years could have added value to some of the other answers.
Rather than about the mandate of the Election Commission UPSC asked about of Relation between the Election Commission and the Model Code of Conduct.
Overall we rate the quality of the questions as good. Most serious aspirants should find the paper moderate.
The questions adequately tested the understanding of future civil servants in the areas of Constitution, Polity, Governance, Social Justice and International relations.
Important Take-Aways from the GS Paper 2 UPSC 2022 (Mains) – Question Paper
All subjects mentioned in the UPSC syllabus were covered.
Those aspirants who prepared self-notes based on topics mentioned in the UPSC syllabus should have found this year’s GS 2 paper quite easy. This is something that we strongly recommend – even for aspirants who attend full-fledged ClearIAS online lectures.
Most of the questions were from expected areas.
No need to give undue importance to the last 1-year of current affairs eclipsing the time and effort to learn static areas. An overall idea about the events of national and international importance should be enough.
However, candidates should have a good understanding of contemporary events (in a span of the last 10 years).
The areas which a civil servant should address once he is in services like Decentralisation of Power, Direct Benefit Transfer Scheme and Management of Inflation and Unemployment should be studied in depth.
Mains 2021 vs Mains 2022: Comparison of General Studies Paper 2 Question Topics
2021 Question Topic
2022 Question Topic
What do you think of this year’s General Studies Paper 2 questions? What are your comments about this paper?