What is meant by reservation or affirmative action? In simple terms, reservation in India is all about reserving access to seats in the government jobs, educational institutions, and even legislatures to certain sections of the population. Also known as affirmative action, the reservation can also be seen as positive discrimination. Reservation in India is a government policy, backed by the … [Read more...] about Reservation in India – Explained in Layman’s Terms
Indian Society Notes
Yes, even after slavery is abolished, many people live the life of slaves - modern slaves. According to a Walk Free Foundation report in 2016, there were 46 million people enslaved worldwide in 2016. There were 18.3 million people in India living in the forms of modern slavery (about 39% of global slaves). Modern Slavery includes bonded labour, child labour, forced marriage, human … [Read more...] about Modern Slavery – Why Contemporary Slavery in India Should Be an Urgent Concern?
When a woman is empowered, the whole family, society, and the country are empowered to advance forward towards development. Can women play a special role in climate change management and agriculture? Let's see. Contribution of Women in Agriculture and Managing Climate Change Women are the primary managers of household work, energy, food and essential services. They contribute … [Read more...] about Climate Change Management and Agriculture – What Can Women Do?
The status of women in India had been declining from ancient to medieval times - before promotion of equal rights by various reformers. But even today, women face inequality and subjugation. It is in this regard National Policy on Women 2016 gains significance. National Policy for Women 2016 In 2016, the union government of India has unveiled the Draft National Policy for Women aimed at … [Read more...] about National Policy for Women – Will it Change the Status of Women in India?
India is an agrarian country with around 70% of its people depending directly or indirectly upon agriculture. But farmers' suicides in India is worrying. As per the Central Government despite a multi-pronged approach to improving income and social security of farmers, over 12,000 suicides were reported in the agricultural sector every year since 2013. Farmer suicides account for approximately … [Read more...] about Farmers’ Suicides in India – Reasons and Responses
The caste system is one of the unique features in Indian Society. Its root can be traced back to thousands of years. Jana → Jati → Caste The word caste derives from the Spanish and Portuguese “casta”, means "race, lineage, or breed". Portuguese employed casta in the modern sense when they applied it to hereditary Indian social groups called as ‘jati’ in India. ‘Jati’ originates from the root … [Read more...] about Caste System in India – Origin, Features, and Problems
The social boycott is the act of persistently avoiding a person by other members of the society. It is society's collective refusal to engage a person in the normal social and commercial relations. Its goal is to make that individual so uncomfortable that he decides to voluntarily leave the society. Ostracism is a related practice - much eviler. Ostracism is the forcible expulsion of an … [Read more...] about Social Boycott Prevention Act – Challenges Ahead
Modern slavery involves one person possessing or controlling another person in such as a way as to significantly deprive that person of their individual liberty, with the intention of exploiting that person through their use, management, profit, transfer or disposal. Modern slavery contributes to the production of at least 122 goods from 58 countries worldwide. The International Labour … [Read more...] about Modern Slavery and Global Slavery Index: Findings on India
Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSSs) are special purpose grants (or loans) extended by the Central Government to States to encourage and motivate State governments to plan and implement programmes that help attain national goals and objectives. Examples of national goals and objectives include extending clean drinking water and sanitation to every habitation, eradicating polio and tuberculosis, … [Read more...] about Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS)
Urban Heat Islands (UHI) are significantly warmer urban areas than its surrounding rural areas due to human activities. Urban Heat Island is a major problem associated with rapid urbanisation. The temperature increase is attributed to deforestation and the construction materials adopted for city building. Usually, under the urban heat island phenomenon, the central regions of urban centres … [Read more...] about Urban Heat Islands