To crack IAS in the first shot, you need the right strategy. Candidates often find Civil Services Exam a hard nut to crack not due to lack of hard-work or potential, but due to lack of right strategy. In this post, ClearIAS.com comes up with a few points you need to keep in mind before developing an ideal strategy to clear IAS prelims exam within the last 6 months.
- Note: If you have more than 1 year or more before next UPSC Preliminary Exam, then you may start from the article Strategy and Books for Early Birds To Clear IAS Exam.
- Note: And if you have less time, then read – 5 Tips to boost your IAS prelims score in the last 30 days
Strategy for Clearing Civil Services Prelims Exam in the First Attempt
- Understand the Civil Service Exam Cycle and Competition
- What types of questions are asked by UPSC in IAS exam?
- Analysis of 2012 Civil Services Prelims Paper (as a sample paper)
- Cut off Marks for Prelims: How Much Do you Need to Score to Clear Civil Service Prelims?
- The ideal approach for Civil Services Prelims
The best way to clear civil service prelims in the first attempt is to have a positive mindset and a practical strategy. You don’t need to know everything under the sun to clear IAS prelims, but you need to know the nature of UPSC questions to crack this exam. A blind study mugging up a lot many things will neither help you in Prelims nor Mains. You need to know about the essential books and study materials to crack the exam, and also about the right strategy.
The best way to find the out the nature of the questions is to look at previous year question papers of Civil Services Exam conducted by UPSC. Links to download UPSC prelims question papers is given in this website.
Paper I – General Studies (GS) – 200 marks
|Subject Area||Number of Questions|
|Indian Politics – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.||27|
|Indian History – History of India and Indian National Movement.||20|
|Environment – General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization||20|
|Economics – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.||11|
|Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.||10|
|Total||100 Qns (Marks = 200)|
|* Current Events of national and international importance is counted as part of the mentioned subjects.|
Paper II – Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT) – 200 marks – 2 hours
|Subject Area||Number of Questions|
|English Language Comprehension||8|
|Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability||27|
|General Mental Ability & Basic Numeracy||3|
|Decision Making & Interpersonal Skills||7|
|Total||80 Qns (Marks = 200)|
|2.5 marks allotted per correct answer|
For 2011 prelims the cut-off for general category was 197/400. For 2012 the cut-off score was 209/400. In 2013 it was 241/400. But since 2015, only marks of GS Paper 1 is counted, the other paper being qualifying in nature. However, the trend shows an increase in cut-off marks due to competition from better-prepared candidates.
Cut-offs for Prelims vary depending on the difficulty level of the paper and it may rise or fall. Generally only around 15000 candidates are called for the second stage – ie. Mains – out of more than 10 lakh applicants. Now as Paper-2 of Prelims has turned qualifying in nature, it is necessary to score high for Paper-1 to clear prelims. A safe score can be 120+/200, if UPSC stick to the same standard.
The strategy can differ from person to person. But giving weightage of time and effort to areas of importance will pay you well in the end. Prioritize your time, syllabus and study materials! Never neglect important areas. A focused approach keeping in mind the UPSC Mains syllabus is adopted by candidates with long term strategy.
But if you are focused only on the prelims as of now, the analysis given above is surely the first place to look at. As it can be seen Polity, History and Environment were the important areas ( 67 questions in total) for Paper 1 in 2012, while Comprehension and Reasoning (70 questions) were the main sections for Paper 2.
But the weightage will never remain the same, and UPSC is well known for surprises. Importance can shift towards Economics or Geography this year, so it is important to build knowledge about the fundamental concepts of all topics as per UPSC syllabus first.
The best source for building fundamentals is NCERT books for Standard 6 – 12. Once you are strong with the basics, the turn to previous year question papers to find out the nature of UPSC questions. You will see that in the last couple of years UPSC has shifted from factual questions to conceptual questions.
Enroll for ClearIAS Mock Test Series
Learning is a continuous process. You should ideally take at-least one mock test in a week and revise your answers multiple times. Our mock tests are prepared in such a way that even beginners would find it easy to learn concepts. So, it’s time to take tests while you learn. Or, learn while you take tests!
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Don’t miss: Civil Service Prelims: 6 Month Strategy – Part 2