Plan expenditure includes Central plan as well as Central Assistance to states plan. Programs under Central Plan are known as Central sector schemes.
Update: To learn the Centrally Sponsored Schemes and Central Sector Schemes as mentioned in the Union Budget 2018, refer this post.
Central sector schemes are 100% funded by the Union government and implemented by the Central Government machinery. Central sector schemes are mainly formulated on subjects in the Union List. In addition, the Central Ministries also implement some schemes directly in States/UTs. Resources under these Schemes are not generally transferred to States.
Major Programs Under Central Plan: Budget 2015-16
The Central Plan has two components. The major component is provided by Budgetary support while the second part comes from the extra-budget resources of the Public Sector Undertakings. Let’s focus our discussion on the details of Central Plan as provided in the budget documents. The important schemes or programes under the central plan as per budget 2015 are listed out below.
Krishyonnati Yojana is envisaged as umbrella programme for focusing on food security, by merging schemes on Soil Health Card, Integrated scheme on agricultural co-operation and Agricultural Marketing, National Mission on Agriculture extension, horticulture development, price stabilization Fund, Nation Mission on sustainable agriculture and other programmes.
Dairy Vikas Abhiyaan
Dairy Vikas Abhiyaan proposes to bring surplus milk produced under unorganized sectors for procurement. The programme will be an umbrella programme for National Dairy Plan, Scheme of Dairy entrepreneurship, Dairy development plan.
Blue Revolution is an umbrella programme for schemes of inland fisheries, support to fisheries institutes, National fisheries development board and other programmes for development of fisheries.
Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC)
Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) – The development of DMIC is implemented by DMIC trust which gets grants-in-aid from Government and also raises resources from the financial institutions for development of cities around the Industrial Corridor.
Make in India initiative
Make in India initiative aims to promote India as an investment destination and to establish India as a manufacturing hub by attracting global investors to make the product in India.
Digital India Programme
Digital India Programme would be an umbrella programme which would include programme on good governance, virtual classrooms, Cyber security, IT for masses, National knowledge network etc.
Rastriya Kala Sanskriti Vikas
Rastriya Kala Sanskriti Vikas as umbrella programme will include all schemes related to promotion and dissemination of Art & Culture, Archeology, Archives, Anthropology and Museum etc.
Border Road Development Board (BRDB)
Border Road Development Board (BRDB) – Plan outlay of BRDB has been transferred from M/o Road and Highways to M/o Defence. The provision is for development of construction of strategic road in Border Areas.
Mission on Climate Change and Adaptation Fund
Mission on Climate Change and Adaptation Fund – Scheme of Adaptation Fund which was hither to part of D/o Agriculture Research and Education has been transferred to M/o Environment and Forest and merged with Mission on Climate Change.
Special Assistance – Provision has been made for providing special assistance for Specific intervention through NITI.
Nirbhaya Fund for supporting schemes for women security and safety will have a corpus of Rs. 3000 crore now.
The Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)
The Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) : PMSSY is for strengthening the tertiary sector, envisages setting up of new AIIMS like Institutions and upgradation of existing State Government Hospitals.
Technical Education (including allocation for new IITs/IIMs)
Technical Education (including allocation for new IITs/IIMs) : To set up IITs and IIMs for expanding access in technical and professional education in uncovered states.
Rural electrification – Deen Dayal Upadhayaya Gram Jyoti Yojna
Rural electrification – Deen Dayal Upadhayaya Gram Jyoti Yojna: This scheme is for feeder separation, creation of new sub-stations micro-grid and off grid distribution network HT/LT lines and other rural electrification.
National Highway Authority of India
National Highway Authority of India – For development of National Highway
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY)(Central Plan)
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY)(Central Plan) : The programme envisages connecting all unconnected habitations existing in the Core Network, in rural areas of country.
RURBAN : The scheme is to improve the quality of life standard of living in Rurban clusters to bridge the rural urban divide and to reduce migration from rural to urban areas and facilitate reverse migration.
Sagar Mala project and Major Ports
Sagar Mala project and Major Ports : The scheme for development of ports and there attendant infrastructure.
Development of water transport services – Grants to Inland water transport Authority of India
Development of water transport services – Grants to Inland water transport Authority of India : The Plan outlay is used on river conservancy, construction of terminal navigational aids of National Waterways.
Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship : A new Ministry has been created to increase the availability of skilled manpower and improve the employability of youth. Kaushal Vikas Yojana to up-scale and align skilling initiatives.
Special Central Assistance to SC Sub Plan
Special Central Assistance to SC Sub Plan is being provided to 28 States / Union Territories, which are formulating and implementing the Scheduled Castes Sub-Plan.
Swadesh Darshan (Domestic tourist circuit)
Swadesh Darshan (Domestic tourist circuit) : To develop and enhance tourist infrastructure a provision is made for developing Swadesh Darshan (Tourist circuits).
PRASAD for Beautification of Pilgrimage Centres.
Urban Rejuvenation Mission
Urban Rejuvenation Mission -500 Habitations and Mission for Development of 100 Smart Cities : Comprehensive schemes to address the growing urbanization and need for world class urban infrastructure.
Metro Projects : The provision is for subordinate debt, equity Investment and Pass through arrangement in Delhi Metro, Bangalore Metro, Chennai Metro, Kolkata Metro, Mumbai Metro, Jaipur Metro, Kochi Metro, Vizag Metro, Vijayawada Metro, Ahemdabad Metro, Lucknow Metro, Nagpur Metro as well as other Metro Rail Projects.
National Ganga Plan – Namami Gange
National Ganga Plan – Namami Gange : A comprehensive programme for cleaning of Ganga. The amount is to be met from National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF).
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao aims to address the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio through a mass campaign across the country and focused intervention and multi sectoral action.
Note: Apart from these major Center Sector Schemes, there are schemes which comes under the Central Assistance to the state plans/UT plans. Centrally Sponsored Schemes constitute the major part of the Central Assistance.