Most Important Topics for UPSC Civil Services Mains 2016

We have compiled the most important topics for UPSC Civil Services Mains 2016 (mainly contemporary issues). Aspirants are also advised to go through our UPSC Mains mock questions – as part of ClearIAS 30-day AWP and 50-day HVAW. All the best!

Most Important Topics for UPSC Civil Services Mains

Only current issues relevant for UPSC CSE mains are mentioned here. We will be updating this page in the next few days as well. Readers can suggest/add any important topic we missed in the comment section.
Most Important Topics


  • Cashless Economy
  • Presidents rule in many states
  • India’s efforts to reduce Disaster Risks
  • Railway: Bibek Commette Recommedations, merging of railway budget with general budget, safety measures, Dynamic fare pricing of railways, First Rail Vikas Shivir (Rail Development Camp) etc.
  • Advancing the budget date.
  • New urban development policy
  • Reforms in BCCI
  • Energy Crisis in India and Hydro Electric Projects
  • Special categories Status demand by Andra Pradesh
  • Rajaswa gyan sangam
  • ‘Mann Ki Baat’
  • Green Highway Projects
  • National Mission for Clean Ganga
  • Tax on Junk Food
  • Interstate Council Meeting
  • Income declaration scheme
  • 15 years vision document of NITI Aayog
  • Two years of NDA government.
  • National Policy on Education + RSS resolution.
  • National encryption policy.
  • Simultaneous elections of Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies
  • The Problem of Excessive Government Litigation.
  • National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF)
  • Anti-Defection Law: Is it time for reconsideration?

Schemes and Social Justice

  • Two years of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
  • Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Yojana
  • PM Ujjawala Yojna.
  • Child welfare
  • Emerging issue of triple talaq and Uniform Civil Code
  • India In Global Hunger Index
  • Building a Divyang friendly society (Differently Abled Persons)
  • Forest rights of tribals.
  • Denotified Tribes (DNT) and Nomadic Tribes (NT).



  • GST
  • Model shops and establishment Bill
  • Enemy Property Bill
  • Benami transaction prohibition amendment bill 2015
  • Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act 2015.
  • The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Bill, 2016
  • Adhaar bill.
  • Real Estate Bill.
  • Citizenship Amendment Bill 2016
  • Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill, 2015
  • The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016
  • The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Bill.
  • The Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2016.
  • The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016.
  • Draft national water framework bill, 2016.
  • HIV/AIDS bill 2016
  • Trafficking of Persons bill 2016
  • Draft national health policy 2015
  • Draft national education policy
  • Draft national policy for women
  • Maharashtra Protection of People from Social Boycott (Prevention, Prohibition and
    Redressal) Act of 2016.

Bilateral and International


Defense and Internal Security

  • Surgical strike across LoC
  • Terror attack in Uri Army Base
  • Challenges before the Indian Air Force
  • Rafale Deal
  • Introduction of LCA Tejas.
  • Leakage of Submarine documents.
  • Defence expo
  • New Capabilities show Air Force
  • Missing of Indian Aircraft AN32
  • Police reforms


  • Paris Climate Agreement.
  • Kigali Agreement.
  • Festivity and Air Pollution.
  • Indiscriminate sand mining from rivers.
  • Wild Animals as Vermin.

Science and Technology

  • Successfully launch of GSAT-18.
  • Successful launch of SCATSAT-1.
  • ISRO – Scramjet engine.
  • IRNSS 1G
  • India’s Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV): Everything you need to know
  • Successful launch of Weather Satellite INSAT-3DR
  • Successful launch of PSLV C34
  • Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVS) or Drones.
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Virtual Reality
  • Augmented Reality.
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • CRISPR–Cas9 genome editing.
  • Gravitational Waves
  • ICANN and the future of Internet

Disaster Management


  • Contribution of Deen Dayal Upadhyay in Indin Politics.
  • Contributions of JP Narayan.
  • Role of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in Uniting the Nation.

Questions based on Dates

  • World Mental Health Day.
  • Kargil Vijay diwas.
  • Quit India Movement-9th August.
  • International Internet Day
  • International day of Yoga


  1. PM alert against cow vigilante
  2. Debate on Dalit issue in Loksabha
  3. All Party meeting on Kashmir Issue and PM statement on PoK
  4. Human rights violations in Balochistan and PoK
  5. India and Rio Olympics.
  6. Task forcce to prepare for olympic games
  7. Launch of Akashvani Maitri Channel (Ind-Bangladesh)
  8. Inauguration of first phase of SAUNI Project
  9. Dhaka Terror Attack
  10. Operation sankat Mochan in South Sudan
  11. Incident in France in Bastille day function
  12. Intelligence sharing for internal security
  13. Verdict on Gulberg society case
  14. Bihar Board Cheating row
  15. Udta Punjab film controversy
  16. Economic resolutions of BJP
  17. Office of profit issue in Delhi
  18. Attacks on minorities in Bangladesh
  19. NSG meeting and china’s role
  20. Utility of Panchayati raj system + Educational Qualifications
  21. Cabinet approves 7th pay commission recommendations
  22. Rajya Sabha debate on Augusta Westland deal
  23. Atrocities against Women in Kerala
  24. RBI proposals to make names of wilful defaulters public
  25. Hypertension and stroke in India
  26. China block India’s move against Masood Azhar at UN
  27. 1st phase of assembly elections
  28. Role of AYUSH in Indian health Sector
  29. New Criteria for IIT JEE ranking
  30. India China Strategic Dialouge
  31. Temple fire cracker tragedy in Kerala
  32. Tackling offshore tax evasion
  33. Water scarcity in India
  34. Making India a knowledge society in 21st century
  35. PM address on Civil Services Day
  36. Political development in Uttarakhand
  37. Gramodaya se Bharat Uday
  38. Conferences of Chief Ministers and Chief Justices
  39. Qouta for economically weaker sections in Gujarat
  40. Issues regarding tax proposal on epf
  41. PM on reply on motion of thanks
  42. Setu Bharatam project
  43. Representation of women in democratic institution
  44. Bad debt crisis in Public sector Banks and action against wilful defaulters
  45. Issues related to real estate sector
  46. Traffic updates on national highway through radio
  47. Economic policy challenges in asia
  48. Government bans harmful drugs
  49. Constitutional amendment to revise SC list
  50. US-Cuba relations
  51. Challenges in eradicating TB
  52. Access to clean water for sustainable development
  53. Time bound public grievance redressal
  54. Role of UN in combating international terrorism
  55. International emergency over Zika virus
  56. Future of Biotechnology
  57. GM Mustard
  58. 47th conference of Governors
  59. Opportunity in north east- NE festival
  60. JNU incident
  61. Kisan Kalyan Mela
  62. Jat Reservation issue
  63. Rurban Mission
  64. Annual conference of state minority commission
  65. Railway Budget 2016
  66. Terror attack at pathankot airbase
  67. S&T for indigenous development
  68. North korea nuclear test
  69. Legacy of Mufti Mohd Sayeed
  70. Constitutional aspects of DDCA probe
  71. Devaluation of Chinese Yuan and impact on India
  72. Restructuring of CBFC
  73. New Defence procurement policy
  74. India Pakistan talks
  75. Indian Army symbol of courage – Army day
  76. Sustainable agriculture
  77. PM development agenda for North East
  78. IRNSS 1E
  79. UNCTAD report of FDI flow to India
  80. Declassification of Netaji files
  81. Constitutional Amendment in Nepal and its significance
  82. 67 years to India republic
  83. Fed Reserve rate change and its impact on India
  84. Labour Laws and trade unions
  85. Rescue and relief operation in flood affected Tamil Nadu
  86. Rising pollution in big cities and climate change
  87. India at the Heart of Asia summit
  88. Paris climate agreement to reduce global warming
  89. Journey of Indian space programme
  90. Police officer’s meet and internal security.
  91. Proceedings of parliament and important pending bills
  92. WTO meet and its outcome
  93. Make in India’s hurdle in defence procurement
  94. Juvenile justice care and protection bill
  95. Decommisioning of INS Godavari(India’s first indigenous warship)
  96. Central Government measures to promote good governance.
  97. Government decision to add more drugs to essential medicine list
  98. Start up India and Stand up India
  99. Financial inclusion of SC/STs
  100. Achievement and initiatives of NITI ayog
  101. Necessity to improve road infrastructure in India
  102. Drug Pricing Policy
  103. President address for Quality Higher Education
  104. Increase Minimum Support Prices for Pulses
  105. Special package for Jammu Kashmir
  106. Myanmar Election: Importance for India
  107. Launch of GSAT – 15
  108. Increase in FDI Cap
  109. Paris Terror Attacks
  110. India at G 20 Summit
  111. PM’s Malaysia Visit – ASEAN Business & Investment Summit
  112. Declaration of ASEAN Economic Community & Opportunities for India
  113. India-Singapore Diplomatic Relations – 50th Anniversary
  114. Turkey’s shooting down of Russian fighter plane
  115. 7 years since 26/11 Mubai Attacks
  116. India Germany relations and solar energy
  117. IMF projection of India growth rate
  118. National war memorial and museum
  119. Increase in indirect tax collection
  120. Status of Article 370
  121. India support to Palestine
  122. Dadari incident
  123. NJAC
  124. Compensation for call drops
  125. Falling sex ratio in India
  126. Resuming India-pak cricketing ties
  127. Price of pulses and essential commodity act
  128. New capital of Andra Pradesh
  129. US-PAK civil nuclear deal
  130. Earth Quake preparedness
  131. Draft Civil aviation policy

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Important Questions for UPSC Civil Services Exam

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